Root canals are probably the most notorious procedure in dentistry and the most common procedure relating to endodontics—the dental specialty that deals with the nerves of the teeth. When a tooth becomes infected it is usually related to these nerves in a tooth's roots, and the infected nerves need to be removed. If left untreated an infection can turn into an abscess, which is a much more serious problem that includes bone loss in the jaw.
To start the procedure, the area around the tooth is numbed with a local anesthetic. Then, we will drill down into the tooth to create an opening into the canal. The infected tissue is removed and the canal is cleaned. After the infection has been removed, the space if filled with a sealant called gutta percha. It is highly recommended that a tooth that has undergone a root canal is fitted with a crown to protect it and improve its appearance.
Root canal has become a scary term for dental patients to hear, but the benefits of the procedure and advances in dental technology have made the expereince a lot better.